[:en] Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection to the tissue and bone that support your teeth. Although gum disease is quite common, it can become a very serious issue if left untreated. We explore Periodontal Disease and what it means for your teeth and gums below:
What Causes Periodontal Disease / Gum Disease?
So what causes gum disease? As we know, when plaque is left on teeth and gums, it hardens and becomes known as tartar. Once plaque hardens, it is difficult to clean and remove this by yourself, resulting in the bacteria living longer on your teeth. Often, gums become red, swollen, puffy, and extremely painful.
Periodontal Disease Stages
Stage One – Healthy Gums with No Disease
There is no build up of plaque or tartar and teeth are held in place by gums, bone, and tissue.
Stage Two – Gingivitis
Gums are red, swollen, puffy, and may also bleed when brushed.
Stage Three – Periodontitis
Plaque has begun to break down the gum tissue and bone that holds your teeth in place. As Periodontitis progresses, bacteria also attacks bone tissue.
Stage Four – Advanced Periodontitis
Teeth are at risk of falling out or being removed, along with the possibility of losing bone.
Periodontal Disease Treatment
Depending on the stages of your gum disease, the infection can be treated in a few different ways. Gingivitis and the early stages of gum disease are treated with professional cleaning and a few helpful tips from your dentist. If the infection has gone further than gingivitis, your dentist will treat this with deep cleaning which involves carefully removing all tartar and plaque.
If you believe you are at risk or already have periodontal disease / gum disease, visit your local Smile Workshop. Find your local Smile Workshop here. Book an appointment online or give your local office a call today!